The idea of the conquest of nature.
Monet’s painting shows the conquest of nature by presenting a coal-smoke polluted sky and the mining industry in France. Since the scientific revolution, the west has had a preoccupation with the conquest of nature (Mirzoeff 220). Through activities such as mining, deforestation, irrigation and river straightening, the west has fundamentally changed the geology of the planet (Mirzoeff 219). In comparison to this is Maori worldview, whereby people are seen as apart of nature, or caretakers to it (Royal).